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Form, Space & Structure

Creating a new special experience with recognizable structural elements in a pre-existing space.

Week II: Experiential Frameworks

Jan 25th 2019

1. Isfahan Friday Mosque

Contour Model of the Dome

Architect: ‎Ali Akbar Isfahani

Dimensions: 15 in. by 15 in. by 12 in.

Material: Bass wood, balsa wood, plaster, cotton rods

In this physical model the framework of the Persian moqarnas dome has been created without the shell of the dome letting us see the interior connections and how the come together. I used this example to create a reverse framework inspired by the Persian moqarnas dome. the geometric intersections were the main thing i focused on in this example.


1i. Displaced Astoria

experimental framing


Dimensions: 10 in. by 12 in. by 20 in.

Material: 3d print plastic wiring

in the words of the architect himself "With the demise of the old Astoria music venue, and the current clearance of the area around Tottenham Court Road tube station, why not instead use the opportunity to create a stunning new urban square? A sinuous field of wavy columns create unpredictable urban views, while also providing discreet notices of what is happening in the relocated facilities of the Astoria.'

so the main focus of this project was similar to our project and the idea of having posts and pylons also exists in my concept. I used this example to explore how the order and chaos of the posts can be utilized to create a stable structure for my installation.


1ii. tectonic hallway

Architect: Klaudia Staiko

Dimensions: 2 in. by 3 in. by 5 in.

Material: cardboard, basswood, chipboard

This model explores the idea of creating a vantage point in a walkway by simply rotating plains and slices of space. I too have a similar approach to the connecting alleyway in our site, therefore I used this model to see how i can create a pathway without just a solid plank throughout the alleyway.


Week III: Physical Model Presentation

Feb 3rd 2019


I. The general composition divides the narrow alleyway into two separate, yet connected through light, paths. One is semi-confined underpass and the other is an open-head overpass. The general geometry of the arches and grids follows from the larger plaza through the alleyway to the exit space.

II.The spaces created underneath the arches that keep rising up is a configuration almost always used indoors, but here you can experience it outdoors with no ties to interiors.

III. The natural geometry of the arch forms and the site and the placement of the elements creates a high contrast and light-play that can immediately take you into an experiential moment  alongside the arch grid controlling the heavy winds of Oklahoma and turning them into a natural breathe by breaking the wind dynamically.


IV. The site is surrounded by tall buildings on all the light receiving sides which makes the day and night almost similar, but with a great experiential difference. The alleyway experience changes dramatically during the night into more separated space since the light is not connecting them anymore. The arch-like shadows will also disappear during the night.


V. within the borders of the site the path has been divide into an underpass and an overpass. The adventurous can take the overpass and observe what goes underneath and the underpass is for those who want to experience a spatially changing semi-tunnel. 


VI.With respecting the existing element, the tree, on the site the framing creates an interior experience outdoors! For those who want to stop by the tree for a friendly chat or enjoying the shade while working on their papers, it is a welcoming space.


VII. Aside from the overpass in the alleyway that lets you observe the underpass in a peculiar way, you can stand on the peak of the frame and see how the people go through this experience, who goes under and who goes above, who follows the arches until locks eyes with you and who walks by with no seconds to waste.

Week IV: Precedents

Feb 8th 2019


Week V: Vertical Gardens

Feb 17th 2019


Bosco Verticale

by Stefano Boeri

Milan, Italy

Currently Under Construction 


.The high rises are placed in a green landscape covered in trees giving the buildings a natural bedding for the vertical buildings. The approach to the main entrance is placed on the other side of this man made small forest.


.The balconies are cultivation spaces which can be accessed from every same level interiors. The spaces between balconies are residential. Main material is concrete and Poly-carbon sheets. The color pallet ranges from bright white to bright gray. 


.At the bottom of every balcony a water collecting platform is placed that collects rain water for later usage. The plants that can be cultivated range from small bushes to 9 meter tall trees.


One Central Park

by Ateliers Jean Nouvel

Central Park, Chippendale, Australia


.The building is placed adjacent to the sidewalk and towers over the shorter surrounding buildings. The main entrance is from that same sidewalk. Every floor has a balcony serving as a garden. Each balcony has a resting side, a green wall, and a garden at the edge. The view to the balcony is connected through glass facades. 


.The material used for the structure is steel framing with glass facades. There is a large overhang that is designed and placed to trap light and warmth to help cultivate plants. This system cultivates tomatoes and aromatic flowers. 

.The overhang, beside a natural heat and light reflector, serves as a water collecting platform to re-purpose rain water.


Sky Villa

by Panda Studio

Hyderabad, Telangana, India


.The exterior of this building curves in with smooth corners around the main entrance to guide the pedestrians in.

.This building is designed to combine residential spaces with vertical gardens seamlessly. The design is simple yet complicated!  Repeating platform that accommodate cultivating whatever plants that we want to grow. It depends on the type of soil that we put in the gardens. Since the modular design of the upper floors lets through direct sunlight we can count on the full sunlight.

.The main material used is concrete, steel, and aluminum framing. Every balcony has two layers of greenery platforms, one shallow and one deeper platform to accommodate for different sized plants. The drainage pipes are built into the many columns that hold the floors up.


Week VI: Modular Farming 

Feb 25th 2019


Article III. Aeroponics


Week VII: Insects & Farming 

March 1st 2019

Cedar Organic Farms, Vermont, USA;

.This organization uses the three main types of beneficial insects: pollinators, predators, and parasites to keep their plants, mainly beets and lettuce, infection free. They also have an educational center that teaches the community about the important role of insects in farming.


Big Cricket Farms, North America;


.This company is offering clean raised crickets as an alternative food source. They are looking to reduce the Methane levels created by cattle farming. They grow crickets in specialized modules by feeding them dead plants from nearby farms.


Vertical Farming Academy, International


.They are a start-up nonprofit that are combining hydroponic techniques with insect farming. They use beneficial larva in the hydro solutions. The larva will feed on the dead cells from the plant's roots and the plants will consume the larva corpses in the solution.  

Week VIII: Produce Companies 

March 8th 2019

Dallas Urban Farmers



.This company promotes urban farming in different scales from residential to large corporations. They also have a section devoted to providing everyday produce for local businesses, such as wheat and tomato for hotels and restaurants. They offer onsite installation of growing units that are soil based.

Bonton Farms


.This company is mostly focused on producing vegetables and whole food items for the Dallas community using the latest advancements in soil based urban farming. They grow produce such as Tomato, Lettuce, Cowl flower and other whole food vegetables in community farms around in Dallas.

D-Bar Farm


.This is a local small farm ran by a family. They are using unfiltered well water from local wells, but the soil composition they use to grow carrots and Brussels sprouts filters the water. The soil in the pots helps buffer the high salinity of the water. This way they are saving on filtered water and many other resources. 

Eden Green Technology (Hydroponic)


.The main focus of this company is to prevent the habitat loss due to mass cultivation. They invest in hydroponic and aeroponic systems to grow produce in Dallas, Texas. They also recycle the reusable resources such as plant waste and fertilizers.

Grow-Tech (Hydroponic, Aquaponic)



.Their website description is as follows:

 At Grow-Tech, Inc., we pride ourselves on finding solutions to grower problems through the design and manufacture of superior growing media. Our products are designed to reduce labor, boost root development and increase germination rates. Whether you grow poinsettias or microgreens, in a greenhouse, a warehouse or a storage container, Grow-Tech has a product to meet your needs.

Their main focus is on creating ways to save resources when modulating Hydroponics. They have started working with local farmers around the country to grow their cultivating solutions.

Iron Ox (Hydroponic)




.This Hydroponic farm is run entirely by robots. in San Carlos, California. The company claims that their hydroponic system can produce 30 times the yield per acre of land comparing to traditional farms, while using 90% less water. It also allows for a more dynamic farming schedule since it's A.I controlled.

Week IX:  Structural Detail Models

March 15th 2019



Architectural Thesis: Water treatment center 

river between South Africa and Lesotho 

Architect:Phoebe le Roux

Free State University, Bloemfontein, South Africa.

.This detail model is relevant to my structure in the angled joist connections and the use of cross terraces on a sloped beam. the dimensions of the project are similar to the Dallas Urban Farm Infill with a height of 30' and sectional width of 100' for each module.  The suggested material are concrete, steel, and glass.



The Tensegrity Tower Project 

Workshop, Digital Biomimetics, conducted by Dennis Dollens

Alberto T. Estevez's Biodigital Master program at ESARQ

.the presence of tensile membrane in this project and the projected dimensions of 40' by 30' by 40' is a close example of how to execute multi-point tension beams with irregular and complex angles. The final production is in 1:12 scale which is smaller than our planed 1:8 scale, hence allowing for more detailed work. Heavy timber and fiber cables are the main material used in this project.



Tensegrity lightings Beams

Designer: Sabah Shawkat 

CSE Competition 

.The connection plan between the tension cables, sloped beam and the planted post is similar to my project and covers any posts from 10' to 35' as well as a maximum span of 30' for each supporting cable. The steel post, ionized aluminum cables, and heat treated steel beams make this an extremely light weight module. 



Tension pavilion -Pure Tensegrity Structure

Designer: Kai Yu Kamm 

CSE Competition 

.This modulated pavilion structure uses heavy timber memberings to create a cable and tension network capable of supporting a wide span roof layering with a projected height of 30'. The joints at the tension release end are rotatable to create a more dynamic structural solution.

Week X:  Controlled Lighting

March 29th 2019


80 Acres Farms



.For this small company, production in the Cincinnati location began in December 2016. In September, the company broke ground on the first phase of a major expansion 30 miles away in Hamilton, Ohio, that will eventually have three fully automated indoor farms totaling 150,000 square feet and a fourth for 30,000 square feet of vine crops in a converted factory. Their most high yielding condition is;

120 μmol red, 60 μmol green

Result: High yield, large leaves, bright green-yellow leaves


Bowery Farms

HQ: Kearny, New Jersey

."Uniformity and reliability in lighting are key to developing the best environment for our plants. We found Fluence to be the best in terms of providing light uniformity for plants." says Hemry Sztul, Head of Bowery OS AND R&D

Indoor cultivation is facing many limitations and to solve these problems, one of the many ways that Bowery Farming is leading a new wave of innovation in agriculture technology is by using Fluence LED grow lights to cultivate food 365 days a year, in a highly productive and efficient way. RAZR 4 and SPYDRx LED light solutions to create ideal conditions in its vertical farms.




.Finland, Netherland, U.S.A, Germany






.VALOYA is the leading provider of LED grow lights for biotech and horticultural purposes.

The company was founded in 2009 in Finland and now has personnel in Finland, Netherlands, Germany and the United States.

They started as a small biotech farm in Finland and slowly grew their investments and now they are one of the largest LED growing providers in the world. Farmers use their products in their development of new substances to minimize crop loss to pests and diseases. Greenhouse growers of vegetables, flowers, the cannabis plant, tree seedlings etc. use their products in all phases of plant production, from seedling to marketable plants in various production environments. They use ultra violet wavelength to control the environment.

Week XI: Graphic precedent

April 5th 2019



Al Limite

.This board has a uniform background which is a scenery rendering of the project that blends perfectly with the color theme of the remaining documents. There are text boxes and diagrams filling the light space on the top of the board.


Boat House

.Even though this board is comprised of separate image it still feels as if it's a uniform background. There is a grid on which the documents have been collaged. The grayscale with a hint of light coffee brown suites the style of the renderings.


Evaporative Folding

.This project was designed using folding techniques, most famously used by Zaha Hadid, The board however is neatly separated into three segments and each of them include a different part of the design. Renderings on the top, diagrams and plans in the middle, and the initial model photographed at the bottom.



Jaron Popko

.This portfolio is a minimalist work, 11" by 14". It is a selective collection of Popko's work during his graduate school at University of Cincinnati. The cover is a mix of different mediums.



Phillip Lee

.This portfolio also has a minimalist monochromatic design with straightforward configuration that demonstrates the work on top of being a visually pleasing art book!



Niels Vernooij

.The mixed media cover creates a sense of curiosity alongside the creative angle of the photograph from inside a woven vase. The line up of the content is pretty straight forward and follows a bullet-point content list.

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